These are some charcoal studies of 4th Century B.C. helmets of the type worn by Greek soldiers and contemporaries of Alexander the Great.
The two above, a Chalcidian and an Attic type forged from bronze, were typical of the soldier class, while the silver-embellished iron helmet below would have been far more expensive and worn by officers and the elite. Despite their Greek design, it is entirely possible they were exported to and worn by non-Greek forces, given the iron helmet and the Chalcidian were unearthed in Kerch, the Ukraine – outside of Alexander’s influence.
These pieces were on display at the Alexander the Great: 2000 Years of Treasures traveling exhibit at the Australian Museum, about this time last year. Photography wasn’t allowed, so I sketched some of the artefacts.
Alexander the Great: 2000 Years of Treasures. (2011). Sydney, NSW: Australian Museum.